Wild Pig Hunting Glossary

“Arkansas Toothpick” 12″ Double edged dagger used to stab a pig in the heart after capture

“Pig Sticker” – Commonly known as your knife used for dispatching (killing) a pig. It can also refer to a spear used for taking wild boar.

Dispatch – To kill, or end the life of a wild pig

Sus Scrofa – Scientific classification for a wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, feral hog, Old World swine, razorback, Eurasian wild boar, Russian wild boar. The name was given in 1758 by Carl Ligneous.

Sow –  Female pig that has reproduced

Sounder –  Group of wild pigs that travel together, commonly consisting of 2 sows and their young.

Razorback –  Slang name given to wild pigs as they have bristle back hairs that stand up giving the appearance of a razor line.

Tusks –  Boar tusks, also known as “Cutters” for their razor-sharp nature. Wild boars have tusks  that grow from 1″ to 4″ and self sharpen as they rapidly open and close their snouts.

Clacking – The sound a Boar makes as it rapidly moves it’s jaw up and down in aggression 

Method of Take –  The equipment used to capture, hunt, or kill wild pig

Swine –  Name for pig family ( See Sus Scrofa)

Hog Sign – Evidence that a wild pig has been in the area, such as a wallow, rubs, rooting, boar bristle or track.

Russian Boar – Hogs that are from Asia. Some are believed to be mixed with the feral pig population in the united States.

European Boar – Wild Boar that were transported to the United States by early Spanish settlers as a food source and game for hunting.

Aerial Hunting –  Method used to control feral swine populations by using helicopters or airplanes to hunt or spot the wild pig in masses.

Tag –  State Permit to collect revenue, while managing the population of game species. State issued tags are commonly bought for one animal and vary in price according to the population density of the animal.

Hunting License –  State license to hunt for that specific state issued. There are 2 types of hunting licenses; a Resident hunting license, and a Non-resident hunting license. If you are a resident of that state where the license is issued, the fee is significantly cheaper than that of someone who lives out-of-state.

Wallow –  A mud pit that feral swine make in water ways that become huge mud pits. Wild pigs use these to keep cool, while also caking mud on themselves to deter insects.

Rubs –  a muddy smear on a tree, pole, or other vertical material in which the pig uses to scratch an itch on their body.

Weapon – Equipment used to hunt wild pigs

Squeal – The sound a pig makes in fear or when shot. A “Death Squeal” is an eerie cry feral swine make before they pass which is mind altering, and can leave you frozen when hearing it for the first time.

Gilt –  A female hog that has not reproduced yet

Shoat –  A young pig that has been weaned

Pig –  Any unweaned baby hog

Piglet –  The smallest of all pigs, newborn.

Rooting –  A common sign pigs are in the area, the ground looks as if it has been tilled. Hogs use their noses to dig up food items such as tubers, insects, worms, eggs acorns, and other mast.

WMA – (Wildlife Management Area) An public area managed by the state as a wildlife viewing and hunting area.

List –  Colored band that shows evidence of domestication ancestry of the wild hog.

Hog Track – Hog track is a hoofed split pair rounded at the tips. Some often mistake deer track for hog track as it is similar in appearance. Deer track is more pointed at the tips. In thick enough mud you can notice a “Dew Claw” which is a tiny outer point in the hoof towards the rear.

Meat Hog –  Term for a wild pig that is suitable for table fare. They are typically Sows or boars under 150 pounds. The meat on older boar can have a musky taste that is very tough.

Domestic Pig –  Farm raised pig that is used for pork meat production

Bay Dog –  Dog trained to run and corner the wild boar, barking loudly to get the attention of the hunter

Catch Dog – Dog used to grab the pig and hold in position while the hunter arrives to the scene to dispatch the animal

Baiting –  Method used to allure wild hogs to an area to hunt them. Common baits are soured cornmeal, table scraps, commercial baiting pellets, 

Quartering Away Shot –  Described as when the pig is not facing the hunter yet is in a position of which a quarter turn from broad side from rear. This shot is preferable to penetrate behind the hogs “Shield” into its vital area.

Hog Shield –  A thick build up of scar tissue around the shoulder region that is acquired from many fights with other boars. This shield is protection for the Boars vital organs. It is important to avoid center mast shots into this region as they can deflect the bullet, change the direction of an arrow, and wound the animal. The best shot is to get behind this thick shield with a “quartering away shot “.

Swine – Classification of the entire pig family

Hog Nest – Location where a Sow will keep her piglets nursing, typically in heavy brush in an indentation in the earth.

Hog Trap –  Constructed pen of heavy gauge wire that is placed in an area to capture a single hog or many hogs. The trap is usually baited heavily and built in a way that pigs have one way in and the door shuts behind them.

Field Dressing – Term used to prepare the killed pig for transport and butchery. Also called “Gutting”, “Cleaning” or “Preping”

Tree Stand –  Device used to attach to a tree for a hunter to safely stand or sit in a tree to wait for the wild pig.